Lines and Wrinkles
The most common sign of ageing is the appearance of facial lines and wrinkles. The skin consists of 3 layers (Epidermis, dermis and subcutis), which all have a separate function. Within the dermis skin layer, production of some of the main constituents, such as collagen, slows down. This causes the skin to lose elasticity and to form lines and wrinkles.
The main causes of the formation of facial lines and wrinkles are the following:
- Ageing processes
- Sun damage
- Muscle movement
When there is irregular thickening in the dermis and a decrease of water being held in the epidermis, it can lead to the formation of fine lines and wrinkles. Sun damage and exposure to environmental toxins particularly tobacco smoke are usually responsible for this.
Types of Lines and Wrinkles
Deeper lines or furrows can appear with movement of facial muscles and these are known as dynamic lines. There are also deeper lines formed that are unchanged by muscle movement, which are classified as static. Normally, all dynamic lines will eventually become static.
Lines around the mouth area are common and are known as “smile” or “frown” lines. These can be asymmetric as people tend to smile or frown more on one side than the other. Asymmetry in lines can also be caused if you consistently sleep on one side more than the other. The following are the different types of common dynamic lines:
- Crow's feet around the eyes are due to smiling and activity of the eyelid muscles (orbicularis oculi).
- Worry lines on the forehead are due to contraction of the frontalis muscle when raising the eyebrows
- Frown lines between the eyebrows are due to contraction of corrugator supercilii muscles and procerus muscle when concentrating or angry
Treatments for lines and wrinkles
Although you can't avoid the formation of Lines and Wrinkles, you can treat it. We have a range of treatments to restore your skin to give you a natural smoother appearance.